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The Effect of Task Types on EFL Learners’ Listening Ability

Masoud Bahrami, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v9/bahrami.html

Abstract This study aimed at examining the influence of task-based activities (four specific types of tasks: matching, form-filling, labeling, and selecting) on listening ability in students of English as a foreign language and to identify if there was any correspondence between task type and students’ language proficiency level. Ninety senior EFL learners of Sadra English Institute in Dorood participated in this study. The sources of data for this quasi-experimental study included two task-based tests of listening comprehension and a test of language proficiency. Analysis of the findings indicated that there was a significant relationship between the three tasks of “matching, labeling, and form-filling” on the one hand and listening comprehension on the other. However, no such relationship was observed between the task of “selecting” and listening comprehension. Moreover, the results of the participants’ performance on each task at each level of language proficiency showed that among the four tasks of the study only the “selecting” task did not correspond with the three levels of language proficiency. The participants, according to the results of the post-test, showed no improvement over the task of “selecting”.

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