Category Archives: Volume 7

Announcing Volume 7 Award Recipients

The Undergraduate Research Community is pleased to announce awards for Volume 7 (calendar year 2008) manuscripts in the Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences. 

  • First Place: Catherine McBride, Stephanie Collins, Connie Bell, 
    Casey Quinn, Sheri Lokken Worthy*
    Mississippi State University
    "Parent's Influence on Children's Weight-Related Behaviors"
  • Second Place: Rachel Barnett, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    Linda K. Crowe*, University of Nebraska-Kearney
    "Traditional vs. Electronic Storybooks during Adult-Toddler Interactions"
  • Third Place: Brittany Gower, Christine E. Hand, and Zachariah K. Crooks
    Huntington University
    "The Relationship between Stress and Eating in College-Aged Students"

Runner-Up Manuscripts

  • Heather Davis, James Madison University
    "Gender Gaps in Math and Science Education"
  • Desiree Raygor & Jenna Osseck, Truman State University
    "Use of a Focus Group of Youth in a Juvenile Detention Center to
    Recommend Programming Based on the Results of a Developmental Assets Profile"
  • Debra Lin, The University of Texas-Austin
    "Are They Pledging 'I Do' to Virginity Until Marriage? An Examination of the 
    Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Abstinence-Only Sexuality Education"

Congratulations to all authors!

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Special Edition: Historical Analysis of the American Civil Liberties Union – ACLU Involvement in Anti-war Demonstrations, 1965-1971

Brandon Scribner, Bowling Green State University

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Introduction: Throughout the ACLU’s history it was involved with some of the most politically and socially galvanizing issues to occur in the United States. One such issue was the anti-war response to the United States involvement in Vietnam. When determining the ACLU’s involvement during this time many important questions arise. In order to better understand the general idea one needs to study the position taken by the ACLU in response to these anti-war demonstrators. Furthermore, it is essential to address some of the specific instances or cases in which the ACLU was involved and what their strategies were during those times. Because these questions play a vital role in providing the information needed to determine the ACLU’s involvement and subsequent impact during this time period, it is also important to question what, if any, were the consequences the ACLU faced as it took action. For instance, did the ACLU risk disagreement within the organization for the positions it took? Overall, answering these questions will allow for deeper insight into the organization during the Vietnam era and for insight into the culture of the United States at that time.

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The Balance of Power, Ego & Aggression: Deprivation leads to Delinquency

Ozlem Yuksel-Sokmen
CUNY, John Jay College of Criminal Justice 

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The famous German Psychoanalyst Jung, who with Freud extensively analyzed the ego of humans, said in 1916, "Children are born with the desire to exercise power over people and things about them" (Oxford English Dictionary, 2007). This notion leads to the complex view of power that the drive for power is derived from a so called “power instinct.” This means that at the start of its life, an infant has to create an ego, or as Adler (developed in Identity Psychology) called it, an “I.” In accomplishing the prime achievement, the infant uses power for the first time to survive. The infant demands food with a mere cry and thus is able to show its potentiality to develop an ego. The infant's use of crying for survival shows how powerful he is because its existential need is triggered by an inborn instinct…

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Effects of Exercise on Ejection Fraction, Arrhythmias, Dyspnea, and Functional Capacity in Congestive Heart Failure Patients

Mario Mitkov
University of California at Davis

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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) accounts for about a quarter of a million deaths a year, and currently its prevalence among the U.S. population is 4.8 million (1). CHF occurs when the heart cannot meet the demands of the body. The symptoms are breathlessness and fatigue due to a build up of fluid in and around the lungs. The failing heart inflates like a water balloon and, over time, gets stretched out to the point where it becomes a flimsy sac saturated with blood. If this sac is agitated with vigorous exercise it can, in some cases, fail.

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