Monthly Archives: June 2011

Updated: Finding Everything in the Space of Emptiness

Rose Sexton, South Dakota State University, Leda Cempellin – Faculty Project Coordinator

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Where Nothing has Happened Like a pair of enormous contact lenses, two giant concave stainless steel disks stare at each other across a vacant hallway. At 200 cm, they are taller than a man. Modest industrial lights illuminate the vast chamber where they are attached to the blank concrete ceiling. No shadows offer definition to this space. Instead blank white walls descend to the immaculate concrete floor. The state is reminiscent of a snowstorm and the white out conditions after which this exhibition is named. We have all seen the effect of placing two mirrors opposite to one another. An endless repetition of images is cast one inside the other into the eternity of either surface. However, by simply curving the surface of the mirrors, such as Anish Kapoor has in his installation, Double Mirror (Fig 1:, something even more incredible and unexpected occurs upon the polished surfaces: an apparent lack of reflection. Waves of the visual spectrum are bounced off each surface both away from the opposite mirror, away from the eye of the viewer. Stand inside the double mirror. Step into the tension between them. Look up, down, left, right into the broad mirrors and be met with nothing at all!

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Special Edition: Current and Potential Practices in Athletic Training

This special edition comprises four manuscripts, and a foreword by Rebecca Hess, Ph.D., California University of Pennsylvania

Full edition:

The Effects of Hydration on Athletic Performance
Meredith Decker, California University of Pennsylvania

Abstract Hydration not only involves providing the body with enough fluids to function during exercise but also to prevent subsequent injuries and illnesses. By educating athletes and providing them with fluids during practices and competitions, certified Athletic Trainers’ can ensure that athletes will be properly hydrated and will not encounter further complications due to dehydration. The purpose of this paper is to give emphasis to the topic of hydration and the importance of incorporating fluids regularly into an athlete’s daily routine to ensure the best athletic performance.

Current Trends in the Assessment and Management of Sport-Related Concussions: The Result of ImPACT
Chris Parker, California University of Pennsylvania

Abstract Sport-related concussions are all too common in athletics today. Repeated concussions can lead to more serious injuries such as long-term brain damage. Difficulty in assessment and management of sport-related concussions results in premature return to play decisions by certified athletic trainers and physicians. The purpose of this paper is to outline the methods of diagnosis, the current assessment and management trends in athletic training, and the role of ImPACT concussion testing in the advancement of concussion management.

A Review of the McKenzie Method of Spinal Rehabilitation and Evaluation
Kathryn Ramsdell, Undergraduate Athletic Training Education Program, California University of Pennsylvania

Abstract Neck and lumbar dysfunctions are a common aliment worldwide. Through research, the McKenzie method of rehabilitation and spinal stabilization is a widely considered and practiced form of therapy for non-specific spinal dysfunctions. With the use of evaluation and determination of preference of movement, therapy is able to provide a functional manner for alleviation of symptoms. Although commonly practiced amongst physical therapists, certified athletic trainers could develop the use of the McKenzie method in order to ensure the wellbeing and safety of athletes. With further examination to determine the reliability and validity of the McKenzie method, the profession of athletic training could consider this new form of evaluation and rehabilitation.

The Role of Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy in Treating Athletic Injuries
Sean Rentler,
California University of Pennsylvania

Abstract With the increasing speed, size, and strength of today’s athletes, athletic injuries are becoming more prevalent. Due to high demand for athletic competition, the fast rehabilitation and return to play process is crucial. Common athletic injuries such as torn tendons and ligaments are slow healing injuries that sometimes keep athletes out of play for an entire season, but that could all change with the introduction of platelet rich plasma therapy. Platelet rich plasma therapy may be able to reduce healing time by as much as half for injured athletes and, in the future, may become a great tool for certified athletic trainers, doctors, and physical therapists to utilize in returning athletes to the field sooner.

Can Stereotypes About Your Age-Related Abilities Impact Your Cognitive Performance? The Influence of Stereotype Threat on First Year College Students and the Elderly

Ian Gackowski, Christine Merola, Julie E. Yonker, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI

Full manuscript:

Abstract Stereotype threat is activated in contexts where individuals who are members of negatively stereotyped groups are conscious of the content of those stereotypes, and consequently their performance may be negatively affected (e.g., Croizet & Claire, 1998; Spencer, Steele, & Quinn, 1999; Chasteen & Bhattacharyya, 2005). However, encouragement has been shown to combat the effects of stereotype threat (Hess, Auman, Colcombe, & Rahhal, 2003; Good, 2003). This study investigated whether an implicit age related negative perception (stereotype threat) or implicit encouragement would impact cognitive task performance of both first year college students and older adults. First year college students did not demonstrate cognitive performance effects for either stereotype threat or encouragement, however, older adults responded with better performance on a mental rotation task with encouragement.

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The Effects of Presentation Style on Memory and Change-Blindness Sensitivity

Rachael A. Divine, Mariam V. Balasanyan, Jennifer M. Vuong, Justin C. Latham, Robert J. Youmans*, California State University, Northridge

Full manuscript:

Abstract Emotional regulation has become an important variable in understanding the effect emotions may have on attention and learning. In this study, 58 undergraduate students at California State University, Northridge were randomly assigned to watch one of two versions of an educational video. The information presented was identical in both versions of the educational video, but the presenter was asked to be more aggressive in one version of the presentation, and more neutral in the other. The study measured how well participants learned from each version of the video, and also how likely they were to notice surprising changes in background objects that were carefully created by the experimenters via video editing. Results indicated that the aggressive presentation had a negative effect on participants’ ability to detect changes, but no effect on their memory for the semantic content of the video.

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Beverage Consumption of College Students: Factors that Influence Their Choices

Rachel Grumbine, Ellen Mills, Dr. Nina Collins*, Dr. G. Kevin Randall*, Bradley University

Full manuscript:

Abstract Beverage consumption is a major source of energy; intake varies depending on demographics, availability, and personal and behavioral influences (Storey, Forshee, & Anderson, 2006). To date no studies were found investigating the milk and soda consumption behavior of college students and the factors influencing their choices relative to such consumption. Based on Martin and Martin’s (2002) Developmental Adaptation Model, this study employed hierarchical regression and path mediation analyses to examine distal (family consumption) and proximal factors that influenced beverage consumption among college students. The results of this research found the three most influential factors that affect amount of milk consumption by college students are taste, family consumption, and perceived nutritional value; the most influential factors for soda consumption was taste, frequency of eating out, and perceived negative effect on dental caries.

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Would You Buy That Church? A Study of the Branding of Denominations

Danielle Gargiulo, Kirby Gowen, Shar’Niese Miller, Josann Schoeff, Huntington University

Full manuscript:

Abstract This study examined whether individuals treat denominations like product brands. It was hypothesized that people would be more loyal to a brand than to their church. Thirty college professors, 20 healthcare workers from Family Practice and Associates (a prestigious healthcare facility in Huntington), and 97 college juniors and seniors from Huntington University (a Midwestern Christian college) were selected at random. They were asked to complete the “Denominational Loyalty Assessment,” which is a survey comprised of multiple studies: a three year study of churches by the Search Institute (1990), a brand study by R. Bennett and S. Rundle-Thiele (2000), and a study done by the Pew Research Group (personal communication, February 21, 2011). The results were then analyzed using the Pearson r correlation. This study found that generational difference played a role in the way people treated their denomination.

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Effect of an Educational Workshop on Heart Disease Prevention Knowledge of Employees in Rural, Northeast Missouri: A Pilot Study

Megan Temme, Samantha Goode, Dierdra Fausto, Jonathan Jones,
Truman State University, Kirksville, MO

Full manuscript:

Abstract Adult employees participated in an hour-long heart attack prevention workshop that covered the causes of heart attacks, prevention techniques including proper diet and exercise regimens, and symptoms and warning signs of a heart attack. Prior to and immediately following each workshop, the participants completed a heart attack prevention knowledge test. Results indicated that the mean knowledge post-test score for all participants was significantly higher than their mean knowledge pre-test score. It seems that a brief workplace heart attack prevention workshop could improve knowledge of employees in different types of work settings.

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