Perceived Parental Involvement Positively Correlated With Middle and High School Students’ Self-Esteem

Courtney A. DeSisto,
Ingrid G. Farreras,*
and Christina M. Woody
Hood College

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Abstract: A convenience sample of 132 twelve-eighteen-year-old students from a private middle and high school in the mid-Atlantic was used to determine whether there is a correlation between perceived parental involvement in teenagers’ lives and the adolescents’ self-esteem. A statistically significant correlation was found between perceived parental involvement and self-esteem, and a stepwise regression analysis found that perceived parental involvement and the sex and age of the adolescents predicted 25 percent of the variance in adolescent self-esteem. Female students reported higher self-esteem than male students in all but the 12-year-old group, and self-esteem decreased during middle school but then increased by high school. Implications for future research on parental involvement in teenagers’ lives were discussed.

Introduction: It is imperative to help parents understand how the quantity and quality of time spent with their children will affect their children’s mental health and well being. Most parents hope for and encourage their children to have high self-esteem, although this may not always be successfully accomplished. If parents are aware of the effects of spending time with their adolescents, they may be able to capitalize on it. This study aimed to determine if there was a positive correlation between the quality of parental involvement in their adolescents’ lives and their adolescents’ self esteem.

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