Cate Davis, Emily Hahn, Miah Kinlow – Huntington University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/kinlow.html
Abstract: This study examined the effects of sexual content within television and film on young adults. It was hypothesized that consumption of television and film with sexual content would have an effect on the viewers of such media. No specific hypothesis was assigned in order to avoid assigning morality to sexuality. One hundred and fifty-one participants aged 18-25 took a survey designed by the present researchers. A t-test was completed to compare the amount of hours of television or film watched with the gender of the participant, and no significant relationship was found between the two variables. A Pearson r correlation coefficient was used to analyze the amount of hours watched with the five indices of behavior, attitude, language, imagery, and explicitness stemming from the researcher-created instrument. Statistically significant relationships were found between media frequency language, imagery, and explicitness categories.
Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/kinlow.html
Michelle Mowry – University of Notre Dame
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/mowry.html
Abstract: The heterosexual “hookup culture” on college campuses has received copious attention since the year 2000 (Bogle 2007: 775). Hookups are defined as “brief uncommitted sexual encounters between individuals who are not romantic partners or dating each other” (Garcia et al 2012: 161). This thesis examined the hookup culture at the University of Notre Dame through an online survey of Notre Dame undergraduates. This university provided the unique opportunity to investigate the effects of academic and extracurricular commitment and religiosity on frequency of hooking up.
Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/mowry.html
Anna O’Dell, Andrea Christener, Elise Kline – Huntington University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/christener.html
Abstract: Sexually explicit material has grown in all areas of media: television, books, movies, and on the Internet. In this study, sexually explicit material is defined as any material that is used directly for the purpose of sexual arousal. To test the effects of environment, we measured the prevalence of sexually explicit material within a Christian university campus. Our hypothesis was that the level of sexual material would be lower compared to other universities due to high moral values and that men would have a higher frequency than females in regards to sexually explicit material usage. The variables within our study were depth of faith in an individual, frequency of sexual material viewed, romantic relationship questions, rankings of sexually explicit material, and whether an individual believed they have lost control of their usage of sexually explicit material. We found that the use of sexually explicit material was high in frequency and that morality did not affect that frequency, which opposes our hypothesis. There was significance in gender influencing the frequency of use, which was in line with our hypothesis.
Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/christener.html
Laurel Huffman, Malinda D. Cecil* – University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES)
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/huffman.html
Abstract: Previous research indicated that college students attending predominantly white institutions (PWI) tend to select more unhealthy beverages than healthy beverages when choosing a drink (Mead, 2009). The purpose of this study was to investigate the types of beverages consumed by students attending the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES), a Historically Black College or University (HBCU). A validated beverage questionnaire was distributed over an 8-week period to students studying in a computer lab. Out of a total of 35 surveys collected only 27 surveys were valid for analysis. Survey results for the top 5 beverages consumed by students at an HBCU were consistent with other beverage intake studies. Unlike the results from pervious beverage studies, students at UMES reported water as their top choice, which is inconsistent with results from PWI. Although students at UMES reported drinking more water, the average caloric intake from beverages at UMES was 755 calories per day, over one-fourth of a typical college student’s daily caloric needs. Additionally, 25.9 percent of the students consumed more than 1,000 calories from beverages. These finding suggest that while water is the beverage of choice for the majority of students surveyed, they are still consuming many high calorie beverages of various nutritional content. Further research is planned to explore factors that influence college student’s beverage selection.
Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/huffman.html
Jace Blackburn, Hannah Bowles, Matt Bittner, Huntington University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/bowles.html
Abstract: The number of teenagers dropping out in high school is a social problem that is often not talked about or researched enough. A great, working teacher-student relationship is vital for student success in the educational system. This research study looks at some of the different variables that influence teenagers to drop out of high school, focusing on the question of whether or not teachers have an impact on the decision. The purpose is to raise awareness about the qualities of high school students who typically drop out, so that those statistics may decrease in the future.
Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/bowles.html
Stephanie Campbell, Darlene Haff*, Nevada State College
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/campbell.html
Abstract: This study examines how sports team participation on one, two, or three or more teams is correlated with female adolescent reports of feeling sad and/or hopeless for two or more weeks, being hit by a boyfriend, the number of sexual partners, and substance abuse using the Centers for Disease Control’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. A total of 8,280 female adolescents were drawn into the sample. Chi-square tables were used to analyze feelings of sadness and/or hopelessness for two or more weeks, being hit by a boyfriend, and the number of sexual partners. A one-way ANOVA and post hoc test were used to analyze the substance abuse index. Overall, this study found that feelings of sadness and/or hopelessness and substance abuse were significantly reduced with sports team participation. There was a non-significant increase in the percentage reported to not have been hit by a boyfriend between those who did not play on a sports team and those who played on one sports team. Lastly, females with no sex partners or a lower number of sex partners were more likely to be involved with sports team participation.
University of Tampa
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/candemeres.html
Abstract This research questions how increasing the awareness of college students on topics such as military action and foreign relations affects how the United States conducts peacekeeping. Although there is much research available on topics such as the growing disconnect between the military in America and civil society and the media’s influence over public opinion, there is very little information on how these issues have influenced each other, how they have affected our youth, and how peacekeeping operations are conducted throughout the world. How have we gotten to where we are today in terms of peacekeeping and what can we do to improve those conditions? To discover how college students view peacekeeping, a survey was made available on survey monkey in which students answered questions about what they thought would be the most successful forms of peacekeeping, and why or why not they thought education should be increased on this topic. The survey received very positive feedback, with unanimous support for increasing education for a variety of reasons. These findings reveal the need for more research and more action regarding increasing awareness of college students on military and foreign affairs.
Kirstie L. Bash and Lynn S. Urban,
University of Central Missouri
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/bash.html
Abstract Determining dominant personality traits among students enables personality to be matched with the “best fit” for career placement, as well as to match student personalities with faculty personalities. This research aims to establish literature on criminal justice student personality traits and to determine scores on personality inventories. Results from analyzing data from 124 criminal justice and 67 psychology students, using an independent measures t-test for the Big Five personality scores, suggest that overlapping career paths is responsible for similar scores on personality inventories. Dominant personality traits were not observed in the results; however, this research provides a foundation on personality research for criminal justice students.
Whitney Hacker, Berea College
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v10/hacker.html
Abstract This study examines the relationship between a college students’ experience with the divorce of a parent or guardian and their perception of cohabitation. Results of this study show that a majority of students who have experienced parental divorce feel that cohabitation is circumstantial, as opposed to being purely positive or negative. However, a majority of those students who have negative feelings toward cohabitation are also those students who have not experienced the divorce of a parent. Although intervening variables may have existed, the study supported the position that college students who have experienced the divorce of a parent have a different perception of cohabitation than college students who have not experienced the divorce of a parent.
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v9/hong.html
Abstract: Understanding the education, beliefs, and practices of Peking University students could potentially help with designing pertinent and effective sexual and reproductive health (SRH) curricula, educating the public about sexual minorities, and removing barriers to accessing SRH services. After a review of The Chinese Journal of Human Sexuality, it was evident that college students’ sources of SRH knowledge, beliefs, and practices were not thoroughly examined within the last year in SRH research. The present study is the first to examine SRH educational resources and preferences of Peking University students, the benefits of Peking University courses on SRH, Peking University student perceptions about sexual minorities, and their barriers to accessing SRH services. A survey was given to 176 Peking University students on SRH, and Excel graphs were compiled to assess their responses. The survey suggested that there are better methods for disseminating information, weak SRH knowledge, little acceptance of sexual minorities, and few attempts to access SRH services. One of the most significant findings included the inaccurate perception of HIV transmission. Eighty-three percent of participants could not answer a particular question about HIV transmission correctly (Graph 10). Also, there was a largely negative perception of HIV-positive people. An overwhelming majority, 71 percent, of participants reported that if they discovered their friend was HIV-positive, it would have a slightly or extremely negative impact on their friendship (Graph 20). These results lend support to the idea that more SRH education is needed to create a more tolerant and informed population of Peking University students.