Alexandra Alford, Chanal Carlisle, Bridgett Clinton* – University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES)
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/alford.html
Abstract: Obesity is affecting children all over the world and it is increasingly recognized as a major public health epidemic. There have been more and more cases of non-communicable chronic diseases occurring in young children, due to increased weight in children (Slusser et al., 2011). Researchers are constantly trying to find ways to fight this problem by determining what is most effective. Numerous studies suggest that the incidences of key non-communicable chronic diseases are heavily associated with lifestyle and physical activity. The issue of childhood obesity was examined in this study by surveying parents of an after-school program located on the campus of a Historically Black College. A survey was created to measure parent’s willingness to accept nutrition education and their level of commitment to making healthy lifestyle changes for their families. Survey results revealed that parents want to better their lifestyles for themselves and their children. However, they need help with implementing healthy lifestyle changes.
Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/alford.html
Rebecca L. Walker
Olivet Nazarene University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/walker.html
Abstract: Learning Outcomes: Identify the nutritional adequacy of food pantry boxes and recognize the potential of nutrition profiling to reduce nutrient deficiencies in the elderly.
Background: The elderly food pantry client (> 60 years old) has increased risk for nutrient-related deficiencies due to a reduced intake of macronutrients, Iron, Calcium, and Vitamins A and C.
Methods: This mixed method design examined the presence of nutritional profiling systems in the United States Department of Agriculture’s Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP), two regional food banks, and three subsidiary food pantries through six interviews and a 10-question survey with each facility director. The pantries were selected for their designation as a full or partially client-choice food pantry. Additionally, a nutritional analysis of a sample of 10 boxes from each pantry and 1 box from the CSFP (total n=31) was completed using MyPlate Supertracker.
Results: Two themes emerged from the data: first, nutritional profiling was not a system in use and, second, there is a desire to implement a system if the regional food banks create it. The nutritional analysis sample provided an average of 102 percent of carbohydrates, 66 percent of protein, 45 percent of fat, 34 percent of Calcium, 131 percent of Iron, 47 percent of Vitamin A, and 34 percent of Vitamin C of the Recommended Dietary Allowance for an elderly male client.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that nutrition profiling is not currently utilized, but pantries are interested in utilizing a system if provided by food banks. Because this study was exploratory, results cannot be generalized without further research.
Truman State University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/mcmanus.html
Abstract: Arthritis self-efficacy has emerged as one of the most important variables in understanding pain in people with arthritis. A convenience sample of senior adults participating (experimental) and not participating (control) in an Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program was compared to determine if there was a difference in self-efficacy and arthritis pain due to participating in the 8-week program. The results of an independent samples t-test revealed a statistically significant difference in the total mean scores of the experimental and control group for the Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain Scale, t(25) = 2.42, p = 0.02; and although the experimental group scored higher than the control group for the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, t(25) = -1.40, p = 0.18, that difference was not significant. Results reinforce the importance of exercise in arthritis pain management and the need to improve patient self-efficacy to improve patient outcomes.
Mary A. Dunyak, Meredith College
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/dunyak.html
Abstract: More injuries occur in the ankle than any other bodily joint (Fong, Hong, Chan, Yung & Chan, 2007), and those injuries often lead to symptoms of instability (Yeung, Chan, So, & Yuan, 1994). The Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) has advertised itself as a tool to identify an individual’s risk of injury. The purpose of this research was to determine if the FMS™ could be a valid tool for predicting ankle injury, by exploring if a relationship exists between the FMS™ and ankle stability. Sixty individuals, aged 18-25, participated in this study. Each participant took part of an FMS™, as well as the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) test as the measure of ankle stability. Correlations were utilized to analyze the results. Results showed that the FMS™ may not be the best tool as an ankle injury screen. Because the FMS™ is often performed in sport performance or physical therapy settings, this research may provide insight to the usefulness of this screen in those settings.
Alyssa Carlson, Angela Stegmaier, Maureen Cluskey*, G. Kevin Randall*, Bradley University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/carlson.html
Abstract: The MAPP process, a strategic planning tool that allows communities to prioritize their public health issues, was employed by the Tazewell County Health Department to assess what factors residents perceived to be (a) the most important for community quality of life, (b) the greatest health problems, and (c) the top risky behaviors impacting community health.
Data, collected through an online survey, were provided by 456 participants residing in the county and at least 18 years of age. First, we conducted a frequency analysis on the top three factors for community quality of life, health problems, and risky behaviors as nominated by participants. Second, we assessed whether or not the factors differed by age groups/cohorts: 25-34, 35-44, 45-55, 55-64, and those over 65.
Phuong T. Do*,
Purdue University Calumet
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v9/kaoukis.html
Abstract: Biocultural evolution suggests that humans place a stronger emphasis on socioemotional processes than biological factors in regard to sexual selection. Substantial evidence from past studies reinforces the proposition that mating preferences have a basis in one’s health and well-being. The indication that biological entities prefer to pass on favorable genes to their offspring can be traced back to Darwin’s theory of natural selection. Consistent findings have been observed regarding the influence of development on facial symmetry. Research suggests that facial symmetry reflects developmental stability, indicating how successful one’s genes are in shaping a symmetric organism despite environmental assaults. In line with previous research, the current research proposal examined the effect of facial symmetry (i.e., a biological process) and socioeconomic status (i.e., a socioemotional process) on judgment of perceived health. It was hypothesized that women would judge a man’s health according to his facial features and annual income. Stimuli consisted of individual faces that were separated into two distinct groups based on the degrees of fluctuating asymmetry and then were counterbalanced with two levels of socioeconomic status (i.e., low and high income). Findings indicated the relative importance of both biological and socioeconomic processes in perceived health. Although the hypothetical results are preliminary, these findings suggest practical applications for understanding the biocultural evolutionary process and characteristics of natural selection in mankind.
Southview High School, Sylvania, Ohio
Full manuscript: http://www.kon.org/urc/highschool/sangtani.html
The project focused on creating engrams, or neural connections, to effectively retrieve information and find the connection between handedness and memory. The project consisted of seventy-five mixed gender and handedness ninth grade students who studied material for forty-two minutes and took a test two weeks later, each time with a scent or lack thereof, depending on the condition. Results for the olfactory sense part and handedness supported the null hypotheses (R = 0.027, p =.14). Although scores were low overall, results possibly suggested that the scent had a positive effect during study time but not during testing time; further research will need to confirm this.
Heather L. Orndorff
California University of Pennsylvania
Full paper: http://www.kon.org/urc/v8/orndorff.html
Abstract The Special Olympics is a sporting event that has been designed for people with intellectual disabilities including Down’s syndrome. Besides having a different body structure, these special population athletes are unable to perform to the capabilities of an individual without an intellectual disability. Thus they are unique athletes and require different management of athletic injuries and athletic participation from athletic trainers. The purpose of this paper was to state behavioral and cognitive capabilities, atlantoaxial and cervical abnormalities, exercise capacities, and cardiac disease of the Down’s syndrome population and how they affect exercise.
CUNY, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Full paper: http://www.kon.org/urc/v7/yuksel-sokmen-3.html »
The famous German Psychoanalyst Jung, who with Freud extensively analyzed the ego of humans, said in 1916, "Children are born with the desire to exercise power over people and things about them" (Oxford English Dictionary, 2007). This notion leads to the complex view of power that the drive for power is derived from a so called “power instinct.” This means that at the start of its life, an infant has to create an ego, or as Adler (developed in Identity Psychology) called it, an “I.” In accomplishing the prime achievement, the infant uses power for the first time to survive. The infant demands food with a mere cry and thus is able to show its potentiality to develop an ego. The infant's use of crying for survival shows how powerful he is because its existential need is triggered by an inborn instinct…