Jolene Ewert, Montana State University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/ewert.html
Abstract: The Disney Corporation has been entertaining families with animated films since the 1930s. Disney princesses have gained notoriety over the years and even received their own line of products in the 1990s. Disney princess movies and related products have brought in billions of dollars through sales. Disney is a household name, and children all around the world are familiar with the movies. Through content analysis, this study examined the ways in which negative stereotypes are reinforced in Disney princess movies and the effects those stereotypes have on young, impressionable minds.
Robert Bitting, Luke Brenneman, Brianne Jewett, Ryan Schnurr,
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v11/bitting.html
Abstract: This study explored the reactions of interviewees to proxemic violations of an interviewer. Participants were interviewed on an innocuous topic by a male interviewer who progressively positioned himself closer to them. Reactions of interviewees were recorded and analyzed according to gender differences and concepts from literary research.
Heather MacArthur, Carmen Poulin*, University of Brunswick
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v10/macarthur.html
Abstract The present research investigates the ratio of male to female characters in a selection of 92 children’s picture books chosen at random from the local library of a small Atlantic Canadian city. Results indicate that, consistent with past findings, male characters are depicted more often than female characters in the titles, cover illustrations, main characters, and page illustrations of the sample. When the results are broken down, however, it is apparent that human male and human female characters are depicted relatively equally, while male animals are represented significantly more often than female animals. Reasons for these findings and the implications for young readers are discussed.