Justin R. Bivens, Jonathan S. Gore*, Sytisha Claycomb*, Eastern Kentucky University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/bivens.html
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between personality traits and compulsive buying. We hypothesized that extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism, and conscientiousness all uniquely relate to compulsive buying. Data were gathered from 369 undergraduate students who signed in to an online data gathering system and read an informed consent statement before filling out the questionnaires. The results showed that people with high levels of neuroticism and extraversion and low levels of conscientiousness tend to have more compulsive buying tendencies. Recommendations are suggested about evaluating potential consumers through a personality profile prior to the establishment of credit.
Ashley E. Bohnert, Jennifer L. Hughes, Lexi Pulice-Farrow, Agnes Scott College
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/bohnert.html
Abstract: Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking sites. A survey of 666 users was used to determine motives that were predictors of liking and usage of Facebook. The study was based on self-reports of users through an online survey, and participants were recruited by research assistants. Two hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted to examine possible motives for liking and usage of Facebook. The significant motives found for liking Facebook were keeping in touch, occupying time, sharing information, people watching, and entertainment. The significant motives found for Facebook usage included occupying time, sharing information, and venting. The findings of this study increase the understanding of motives that contribute to liking and usage of Facebook.
Troy Mott, Christina Frederick*, Sierra Nevada College
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/mott.html
Abstract: Post-secondary educational institutions have incorporated tablets in the educational curriculum (Woodford, 2001). To investigate how reading medium impacts critical reading ability, I performed two studies. In the first study, participants read an SAT practice test passage (Mathur, 2012) from either paper or an iPad 2 tablet. The identical passages were 949 words. Once the reading was complete, participants responded to 12 critical reading assessment questions about the passage. 116 participants completed the critical reading assessment study. A second study, a self-response survey, which examined the reading preferences and demographics (gender and age) of 115 participants was also conducted. A two-way ANOVA was used to analyze the results of the critical reading comprehension test. No significant difference was found between critical reading comprehension scores between mediums and academic standing (p = .911). The self-response survey was assessed using a chi-square analysis. There was no significant difference in preference between upper and lower division undergraduates (p = .157). Females showed a stronger preference for reading from paper than males (p = .045), and a significant preference was found among the total sample population for reading from paper over other surveyed forms of media (p < 0.001). The implications of this study are relevant to the future of education and sustainability efforts in the classroom.
Karen S. Duran and Christina M. Frederick* , Sierra Nevada College
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/duran.html
Abstract: Ever advancing trends in technology, and implemented in educational settings, inspired the current study, which examined the impact, on comprehension, of note-taking method. 72 undergraduate participants, aged 18-26, viewed a projected documentary in a classroom setting and took notes for a later assessment via either paper or computer keyboard. The Mann-Whitney U (Ryan & Joiner, 2001) showed a significant difference between the test scores produced via typed notes and written notes (p = .006). Experimental and survey results converge and dictate that the best and preferred practice for student note taking is writing.
The 2012 Summer Research Institute at the Florida Mental Health Research Institute (SRI@FMHI) was my introduction to the research process. The most exciting thing about this experience was the opportunity to develop my own research study. I really had to spend time thinking about what I was interested in researching. I thought about my past experiences and I realized I was interested in how people access health care services and how certain barriers prevent people from gaining adequate care.
What I enjoyed most about my project, Barriers to Seeking Help for Mental Health Issues in Women Ages 22 – 64, was the opportunity to speak with women about their mental health issues, hiding symptoms and difficulties accessing care. I remember spending a lot of time at the homeless facility where I recruited one group of participants. Many of the women were uncomfortable sharing their mental health diagnosis or needed help filling out the questionnaire, so I talked with them and waited patiently until they were ready to share. After completing the questionnaire, one woman thanked me. I thought she was referring to the compensation, but then she said, "It’s just nice to know that someone is asking these questions." Another woman from my University sample group commented that she learned so much about herself by participating in my study. I was so pleased to hear comments like these.
Zachary K. Ochoa
At the beginning of this summer, I decided that I wanted to expand my portfolio to include a wider range of research experience and accomplishment. Therefore, I began to pursue the publication of research that I had already completed. I also began to seek new ideas for projects that I could undertake. Since setting my sights on these goals, I’ve been blessed with the privilege of having three of my scholarly papers published in online research journals. This could not have been possible had I not discovered the tremendous value of my secret weapon: LinkedIn.
I signed up for my LinkedIn account shortly after the end of this past spring semester. When I first got started, I had no intention of using it for any reason other than networking. Although LinkedIn is a fantastic tool for accomplishing this goal, there is another hidden value in it for those who are undertaking university research. When you explore the profile of another student in your field, there’s a good chance that they’ve posted about their projects, publications, achievements, etc. These posts are an immensely valuable resource for any undergraduate student researcher.
Research papers aren’t easy. There’s so much work that goes into writing one, and doubly so if you want it to be a reliable paper. It may seem like you’re standing in front of an insurmountable cliff, but I have a few tips that can help you be the best research writer you can be, without driving yourself crazy! Plus, believe it or not, you may be able to turn what you think is just another paper, you trudged through for your composition class, into a publishable work of art. That is exactly what I decided to do with my final research paper for my sophomore writing class, and through perseverance and help from a great teacher, it was published in the URJHS. Here are some tips for you that will help, right from the start:
St. Olaf College
Full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v12/gleason.html
Abstract: Within the field of LGBT psychology, several models of homosexual orientation identity development have been proposed, and most of these models emphasize the importance of assuming a non-heterosexual identity. Freud’s theories of homosexuality are reinterpreted and integrated into these contemporary models in order to shed light on both the importance of non-heterosexual identity formation and the complications that can arise from it. Specifically, Freud’s concepts of “narcissistic object choice” and “identification” reveal how homosexual individuals can form paradoxical attachments with heterosexual objects, and how these paradoxes can be resolved through the assumption of a homosexual identity.
Erin Cammel, Kansas State University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/cammel.html
Abstract:The purpose of this paper is to compare data found in Small Homes of Architectural Distinction by the Architects’ Small House Service Bureau in 1929 to U.S. Census data from 1930 and 1980 through 2010. In an attempt to explain the expansion of the American household, average square footage and number of bedrooms and bathrooms are correlated to average household size and income (U.S. Census Bureau, n.d., a.). All of these statistical categories have been impacted by the fluctuation of the American economy and cultural influences.
Zachary K. Ochoa
People hear almost everywhere that a Bachelor’s Degree isn’t worth what it used to be. Unfortunately, this is more or less the truth. With the right study habits, luck with professors, and good time management, it is really not that difficult for a good student to get a competitive GPA. This does not bode well for the individual student because, frankly, there are a lot of good students out there. So the important question then becomes how undergraduate students can set themselves apart from their peers in an increasingly competitive world.
It’s not the most complicated thing in the world to do well in classes. Most of the standard college courses require nothing more than repetition and memorization in order to pass. However, to make a contribution of your own to your field of choice is a different matter entirely. If students want to set themselves apart in today’s academia, they should pursue options in undergraduate research.