Monthly Archives: October 2015

Efficacy of a Group Treatment for Children with Significant Social Skills Deficits

Molly M. Parsons, Stacey S. Park, Lee A. Rosén*, Colorado State University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/parsons.html

Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of an eight session, outpatient social skills group therapy treatment for children with significant social skills deficits. The curriculum was designed to teach nine specific social skills including: Eye Contact, Personal Space, Self-Emotions, Other-Emotions, Pedantic Speech, Greetings, Conversations, Friendliness, and Play Skills. Seven elementary aged children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder participated. Parents were asked to fill out the Child Social Skills Inventory, which measures these nine social skills domains at two time points: the first day of social skills group (SSG) and the last day of SSG. Results indicate that the treatment was partially effective in improving social skills – pre to post changes in the domain of Self-Emotion were significant. In addition, the domains of Play Skills and Other-Emotion showed improvement near statistical significance. Improvement in these important social skill domains helps substantiate the efficacy of social skills group therapy treatment for children with severe social skill deficits.

Read the full manuscript: Efficacy of a Group Treatment for Children with Significant Social Skills Deficits

Personality Types and Physical Touch

Zachary Prather & Jenna Bates, Huntington University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/prather.html

Abstract: The following research is a study looking at the correlation between Myers-Briggs personality types and apprehension or acceptance of physical touch. The participants of the study varied in age and gender, gathered from Facebook and Huntington University’s campus, a small Christian university in the Midwestern United States. We hypothesized that people with the E and F personality type would be the most willing to instigate and accept physical touch, with people with the I and T personality type having the most apprehension to instigating and accepting physical touch. We predicted that extroverts would be more inclined because they are typically more sociable and get their energy from people, while introverts would be less inclined because they are typically more reserved and people drain energy from them. We also hypothesized that people with the F personality type would be more inclined to accept and initiate physical touch because of their predisposition to sympathizing with other people’s emotions, while people with the T personality type are less likely to sympathize with other people’s emotions.

Read the full manuscript: Personality Types and Physical Touch

Benefits of Biophilic Design Explored Through Human Ecology

Melissa Montgomery, Kansas State University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/montgomery.html

Abstract: Technology has influenced the world in many positive ways. I researched and examined the question of how technology effects communication? Technology is great for communication when it comes to connecting with family and friends who live far away. But what are the effects of say: Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, text messaging, etc. on every day face-to-face conversation? This paper explores the possibility of how increased exposure to communicating pathways may actually lessen communication. Mobile technology is anything one can do on phones. Due to smartphones and the availability of them one can access the internet, therefore being able to do countless things on their phones. So the research is inclusive to texting or voice calls, but also includes the countless applications one can download on a phone. Unfortunately, research shows that mobile technology is affecting communication in a negative way when it comes to sociability and face-to-face communication. Researchers have found that mobile technology can decrease communication and intimacy. The results too many research studies seem to point out is that mobile technology lessens social interaction and face-to-face communication do to the availability of stimulants online, which requires less outside stimulants such as interaction and body-to-body sociability. Not only does mobile technology decrease social isolation it seems that internet usage can cause feelings of loneliness and busyness as well.

Read the full manuscript: Benefits of Biophilic Design Explored Through Human Ecology

Mobile Technology: Its Effect on Face-to-Face Communication and Interpersonal Interaction

Lucas Lengacher, Huntington University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/lengacher.html

Abstract: Technology has influenced the world in many positive ways. I researched and examined the question of how technology effects communication? Technology is great for communication when it comes to connecting with family and friends who live far away. But what are the effects of say: Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, text messaging, etc. on every day face-to-face conversation? This paper explores the possibility of how increased exposure to communicating pathways may actually lessen communication. Mobile technology is anything one can do on phones. Due to smartphones and the availability of them one can access the internet, therefore being able to do countless things on their phones. So the research is inclusive to texting or voice calls, but also includes the countless applications one can download on a phone. Unfortunately, research shows that mobile technology is affecting communication in a negative way when it comes to sociability and face-to-face communication. Researchers have found that mobile technology can decrease communication and intimacy. The results too many research studies seem to point out is that mobile technology lessens social interaction and face-to-face communication do to the availability of stimulants online, which requires less outside stimulants such as interaction and body-to-body sociability. Not only does mobile technology decrease social isolation it seems that internet usage can cause feelings of loneliness and busyness as well.

Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/lengacher.html

Religion’s Effect on Gender Roles

Maris Headrick, Madison Johnson, Megan Reynolds, Huntington University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/headrick.html

Abstract: This research on Christianity as a religion effects on gender roles and gender stereotypes details a survey performed at Huntington University. With direct correlation between the historical, cultural, and economic ties from region to gender roles this research. While correlation is present, it is not as high of correlation expected.

Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/headrick.html

Adult Sibling Relationships: College Students Perspective

Katelyn M. Hughes, Abel Gitimu Waithaka*, Youngstown State University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/hughes.html

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence adult sibling relationships from college students’ perspectives. Data were collected from 211 adult students, 153 female and 58 male participants. The participants completed two scales: ARQ-S scale with 47 items and the Adult Attachment (AA) Scale with 18 items. There was a significant difference in sibling relationships on high and low attachment and also on participant’s parental marital status, married or divorced parents.

Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/hughes.html