Sports Team Participation As A Predictor For Self-Esteem In Adolescent Females

Stephanie Campbell, Darlene Haff*, Nevada State College

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/campbell.html

Abstract: This study examines how sports team participation on one, two, or three or more teams is correlated with female adolescent reports of feeling sad and/or hopeless for two or more weeks, being hit by a boyfriend, the number of sexual partners, and substance abuse using the Centers for Disease Control’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. A total of 8,280 female adolescents were drawn into the sample. Chi-square tables were used to analyze feelings of sadness and/or hopelessness for two or more weeks, being hit by a boyfriend, and the number of sexual partners. A one-way ANOVA and post hoc test were used to analyze the substance abuse index. Overall, this study found that feelings of sadness and/or hopelessness and substance abuse were significantly reduced with sports team participation. There was a non-significant increase in the percentage reported to not have been hit by a boyfriend between those who did not play on a sports team and those who played on one sports team. Lastly, females with no sex partners or a lower number of sex partners were more likely to be involved with sports team participation.

Introduction: The Centers for Disease Control’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS) seeks to monitor inadequate physical activity as a contributing factor for death and disability among US adolescents. The Centers for Disease Control (2009) recognized that nearly half of adolescents, ages 12-21 years, were not physically active and inactivity was more common among female adolescents. Additionally, although it is important to understand the direct factors physical involvement can have on adolescents, it is equally important to recognize the indirect contribution physical involvement can play, particularly for females.

Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v13/campbell.html