Keshia Wagers, Jonathan S. Gore*, Eastern Kentucky University
Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v12/wagers.html
Abstract: Separation anxiety disorder, school phobia, and gender have all been implicated in being able to predict the onset of agoraphobia. This study tested the hypothesis that separation anxiety disorder, school phobia, and gender would predict unique variance in the symptoms of agoraphobia both with a close companion and when alone. One hundred students at Eastern Kentucky University completed a survey that assessed their separation anxiety disorder symptoms, school phobia symptoms experienced during childhood, and agoraphobia symptoms. Symptoms of school phobia predicted symptoms of agoraphobia when the individual was with someone, and both school phobia and separation anxiety disorder symptoms predicted symptoms of agoraphobia when the individual was alone. Gender was not a significant predictor of agoraphobia symptoms. These results imply that more factors may influence the expression of agoraphobia symptoms when an individual is alone compared to when they are with someone else.