Healthy Tazewell County Initiative: Implementation of the MAPP Process and Survey Findings

Erin N. Oates, Maureen Cluskey*,
Kevin Randall*,
Bradley University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v11/oates.html

Abstract: The Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) process, provides a way for communities to collaboratively prioritize and improve public health issues by determining gaps as well as strengths in public health services (McClellan, 2005). Results from the four assessments in step three of MAPP identify quality of life issues, efficiency of current services, observation of community health status, as well as forces of technology, laws, and other ever-developing facets that may affect how public health systems function (“National Association of City and County Health Officials,” 2012). To date no studies have been found investigating the MAPP process relative to which factors citizens perceive most important to quality of life within a community. Thus, as a research question, we investigated the most important features of a healthy community listed by residents of Tazewell County, then used the quality of life questions to predict a multi-item outcome applying hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this research found that when the Tazewell Public Health Department is seeking to implement positive change in the community they should aim to focus on living in a community that (a) has a strong overall quality of life, (b) is a good place to grow old, (c) has clean air and water, (d) has an active sense that citizens can make the community a better place individually and corporately, and (e) has pride in shared accomplishments.

Introduction: The Tazewell County Health Department (TCDH) reviews the health of the community every five years. In this year’s assessment, an innovative process of Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) was utilized for the first time in the county. The process is designed to provide a way for communities to collaboratively prioritize and improve public health issues by determining gaps as well as strengths in public health services (McClellan, 2005). Six steps are implemented in MAPP, including (a) Organize for Success, (b) Visioning, (c) Four Assessments, (d) Identify Strategies (e) Formulate Goals and Strategies, and (f) Action Phase. Of the four assessments in step three of MAPP, a Community Themes and Strengths survey includes focuses on identifying quality of life issues, efficiency of current services, perceptions of community health status, as well as forces of technology, laws, and other ever-developing facets that may affect how public health systems function (NACCHO, 2012). Crucial to all steps, particularly the four MAPP assessments as stated in the majority of literature existing on the MAPP process, is community participation, engagement, diversity, and expertise.

To date no studies have been found that have investigated the MAPP process in relation to the factors citizens perceive most important to quality of life within a community. Thus, as a research question, we first investigated the most important factors of a healthy community listed by residents of Tazewell County. We then used these quality of life questions to predict a multi-item outcome measure representative of a healthy community.

Read the full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v11/oates.html