Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Treatments, and Manifestations in Several Different Ethnicities

Tyler Ben-Jacob, Binghamton University

Full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v10/ben-jacob.html

Abstract Diabetes is a rapidly growing disease across the world. It manifests itself by unusually large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine and afflicts various populations. There are numerous causes for this disorder, and genetics often plays a role. This paper discusses types of diabetes, their causes, and the treatments. Diet, medical care, and self-management techniques play roles in dealing with diabetes.

Introduction: Diabetes is a disease caused by flawed carbohydrate metabolism and manifests itself by unusually large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine (Jacobs & Fishberg, 2002, p. 1). There are numerous causes for this disorder, some strengthened by genetic predisposition. This paper will focus on the disorder as it manifests itself in the Jewish, Latino, and African-American populations with regard to diet, access to medical care, and compliance with self-management techniques.

Discussion A rapidly growing disease across America and the world is diabetes, lesser known as diabetes mellitus (Marso & Stern, 2004, p. 179). There are 20.8 million children and adults in the United States, or 7 percent of the population, who have diabetes. Diabetes is a syndrome in which the afflicted person has a distorted metabolism. There are three traditional types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is expressed as loss of beta cells that produce insulin, leading to an insulin deficiency. Type 2 is characterized as diabetes due to insulin sensitivity, combined with reduced insulin secretion .

Read the full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v10/ben-jacob.html