The Effects of Pre-Bedtime Routine on Sleep

Aubrey Garner, Julie Manges, Raquel Anderson, Huntington University

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Abstract Anecdotal evidence shows that activities in preparation for sleep affect certain characteristics of sleep, such as duration and quality. This study tests this evidence. According to the literature, when asking the question of whether pre-bedtime routine affects sleep characteristics, particularly of college students and professors, it was hypothesized that a structured pre-bedtime routine positively affects sleep characteristics. A web-based survey was distributed to college students and college professors to look into structure of pre-bedtime routine and sleep quality. Two Pearson r correlations and two t-tests were used to analyze the data. After completion of this study, there was no significance found between the variables of pre-bedtime routine and sleep characteristics.

Introduction Given the rigors of college life, one would suspect that sleep quality would be an issue. There has not been much research regarding the effects of pre-bedtime routine on sleeping characteristics, especially on young and middle-aged adults. However, there has been a fair amount of research relating to sleep and children as well as sleep and the elderly. Numerous factors relate to sleep quality such as a structured routine, external stimuli, substances, cognitive strain, and daytime sleep. Among the research studies conducted thus far, some factors seem to correlate and/or affect sleeping qualities more than others, mainly structure of routine.

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