Understanding Ethnic Disparities in Contraceptive Use: The Mediating Role of Attitudes

Sarah K. Christman,Tina Zawacki*, University of Texas at San Antonio

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v9/christman.html

Abstract The purpose of the current study was to investigate ethnic differences in contraceptive use and investigate variables that may explain these differences. An ethnically diverse sample of female college students completed a 15-minute survey that included scales measuring contraceptive use and pregnancy, contraceptive, and sexual attitudes. Compared to non-Latina participants, Latina participants reported lower rates of contraceptive use. Mediation analyses found that the ethnic differences in contraceptive use were partially explained by ethnic differences in comfort with sexual communication and perceived convenience of contraception. These findings hold implications for improving unintended pregnancy prevention programs.