Extra-personal Schemas: In and out of Tourette’s Syndrome

James Park, Emory University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/park.html

Introduction: Most visible in Tourette’s syndrome (TS) is the display of sudden, brief, nonrhythmic, stereotyped movements and vocalizations known as tics. These displays are highly variable, differing not only in type—motor or phonic—but also along several dimensions of severity. Tic type is perhaps a chief distinction as the presence of multiple motor tics and at least one phonic tic is required for TS diagnosis (APA, 2000). While differences in tic severity do not enter into diagnostic criteria, considerable effort has been made at its characterization as well. In particular, the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS)—a widely respected and employed index for assessing tic severity—highlights five dimensions of severity including complexity, number, intensity, frequency, and interference (Leckman et al., 1989).

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Influence of Gender and Social Setting on College Student Food Choices

Kaela Giles, Jeannette Davidson, RD, LDN*, Magdalena Sas, Ph.D.*, Bradley University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/giles.html

Abstract: This paper examines how interactive technology has been innovating the retailing industry since the nineteenth century, while improving today through virtual reality and assisted reality. These innovations have had a tremendous impact on visual merchandising displays, both at storefronts and within stores environments, and they affect consumers’ experience (behavior and buying power). The study of immersive technology pushes innovation in the retail process. New tools for improving points of sale have not been widely accepted amongst consumers and retailers and some perceive interactive technologies as enablers and others as disruptors of present retail operations. This research paper will present the benefits and drawbacks of retailers incorporating interactive technologies and innovative visual merchandising strategies into the store environment.

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Examining the Benefits and Drawbacks of Retailers using Interactive Technology and Visual Merchandising in Store Environments

Myaesha Ingram, Bridgett Clinton-Scott*, University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES)

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/ingram.html

Abstract: This paper examines how interactive technology has been innovating the retailing industry since the nineteenth century, while improving today through virtual reality and assisted reality. These innovations have had a tremendous impact on visual merchandising displays, both at storefronts and within stores environments, and they affect consumers’ experience (behavior and buying power). The study of immersive technology pushes innovation in the retail process. New tools for improving points of sale have not been widely accepted amongst consumers and retailers and some perceive interactive technologies as enablers and others as disruptors of present retail operations. This research paper will present the benefits and drawbacks of retailers incorporating interactive technologies and innovative visual merchandising strategies into the store environment.

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Mobile Retailing: What Factors are Hindering this Trend?

Patience Ankomah, Bridgett Clinton-Scott*, University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES)

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/ankomah.html

Abstract: This paper focuses on the relationship between the retailing industry and mobile shopping by examining consumer shopping preferences for mobile retailing. The major purpose of this research paper is to explore factors that may be hindering mobile shopping from becoming more widely accepted by today’s consumers. This research topic will help retail professionals better understand the influence of mobile retailing and consumer shopping preferences.

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Causal Factors of Eating Disorder Behaviors in Adolescent Females

Sarah Barker, Bonnie Ahn*, Southeastern Louisiana University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/barker.html

Abstract: This study aims to identify the relationships of psychological, cultural, biological, and environmental factors with the development of eating disorder behaviors among adolescent females. We hypothesize that individuals’ psychological, cultural, biological, and environmental factors differentially influence the development of eating disorder behaviors among adolescent females. The present study will employ an explanatory approach using a cross-sectional study design with a sample of 100 adolescent females ages 12-18 across southern Louisiana school campuses. There will be two instruments used, the Body-Image Ideals Questionnaire (BIQ) created by Thomas Cash and Marcela Szymanski (1995) and a self-made questionnaire. The BIQ aims to identify correlation between body image, personality traits, and psychological attributes linked to eating disorders. The self-made questionnaire will search for relationships between cultural and environmental factors with the development of eating disorders. Multiple regression analysis will be performed to address the study’s hypothesis.

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Healing Wounds with Honey

Tiffany Koenig, Joni L. Cramer Roh*, California University of Pennsylvania

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/koenig.html

Abstract: Honey has been used to treat wounds throughout the ages, even before bacteria were discovered. This research paper will discuss the healing phases and how honey plays a role in each phase. It also describes the proposed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant mechanisms of actions and the clinical evidence of the efficacy of honey in a variety of acute and chronic wound types ranging from diabetic ulcers to Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. (MRSA) The use of honey as a wound-healing agent has many attributes that make it an option when treating athletes. Among the benefits discussed are honey’s properties, safety, and effectiveness. These benefits make honey not only a viable, but an optimal treatment option in modern wound care. The databases that was used to collect the 18 articles that will be discuss was MEDLINE Complete and SPORTDiscus. This review reveals the possible usage of honey in athletic health care, but further research is recommended.

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Experiencing Rural Morocco Through Healthcare

Lydia George, Dr. Amy Way*, Lock Haven University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/george.html

Abstract: An international service-learning program to Morocco consisted of students and faculty from Lock Haven University and was conducted in 2009, 2010, 2012, and 2014 for a week at a time. Data was collected from different populations in Morocco and was analyzed based on the populations’ height, weight, BMI, blood pressure, and chief complaints. The populations were then compared to each other, to the national health of Morocco, and to the United States.

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The Beautiful and the Damned: Exploring the Negative Side of Masculine Attractiveness in Hiring Situations

Spencer L. Turner, Sean C. Willman, Robert R. Wright, Ph.D.*, Brigham Young University–Idaho

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/turner.html

Abstract: Although attractiveness can be an asset in many different situations, in some cases, attractiveness can produce negative outcomes in the workplace, which is known as the “beauty is beastly” effect (Heilman & Saruwatari, 1979). This study sought to explore this effect among men in hypothetical hiring decisions using two photos of men that varied in perceived attractiveness. Two-Way ANOVA results showed that the male attractive candidate was rated less favorably among male participant-raters while the average candidate received higher ratings from same-gender participants (F[1, 125] = 8.05, p = .005, η2 = .061). These findings highlight the possibility of male same-gender discrimination based on attractiveness, which is important given that many men will be evaluated by same-gender colleagues throughout their careers.

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A Critical Case Study of Teacher Education Student Created Memes

Sarah Swafford, Gary Padgett*, University of North Alabama

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/swafford.html

Abstract: From Facebook to Twitter, social media has introduced the world to memes. Memes are an innovative way to express an opinion or show true feelings without feeling pressured to answer in a certain way. The methodology related to using internet memes has been around for almost 20 years (Downes, S., 1999; Heylighen, F., 1996; Knobel, M., & Lankshear, C., 2007), but no one has yet combined it with the field of education research. Colleges of Education are already reaching out to students via Twitter and Instagram, so using memes to gather information from students is a logical next step. This article demonstrates how this has been done to improve teacher education programs.

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The Arts as Means of Socialization in Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home

Daniel Dyonisius, University of Toronto

Full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v15/dyonisius.html

Abstract: Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home suggests that socialization through the arts, such as writing and drawing, involves a constantly changing interpretation of reality that can contribute to a process of self-identification. The arts provide a foundation for Alison to make a connection to her family, yet also to detach from her parents’ influences at the same time. Emphasizing a social aspect of this process, her self-identification not only involves a reflection of her own life but also integrates her ability to navigate environments filled with the arts and others’ influences in shaping her personality. As an artist, Bechdel incorporates words and pictures to repair her relationship with her father and conveys a story of how she persistently constructs her identity. Nonetheless, her work as a whole reflects a broader significance for society: the creation of self-identity is not a linear process, but rather involves points of continuity and discontinuity that are shaped by the context in which one grows up. At the same time, such context is influenced by interactions between one’s self and agents of socialization mediated through important and specific means, such as the arts.

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