Experiencing Rural Morocco Through Healthcare

Lydia George, Dr. Amy Way*, Lock Haven University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/george.html

Abstract: An international service-learning program to Morocco consisted of students and faculty from Lock Haven University and was conducted in 2009, 2010, 2012, and 2014 for a week at a time. Data was collected from different populations in Morocco and was analyzed based on the populations’ height, weight, BMI, blood pressure, and chief complaints. The populations were then compared to each other, to the national health of Morocco, and to the United States.

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The Beautiful and the Damned: Exploring the Negative Side of Masculine Attractiveness in Hiring Situations

Spencer L. Turner, Sean C. Willman, Robert R. Wright, Ph.D.*, Brigham Young University–Idaho

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/turner.html

Abstract: Although attractiveness can be an asset in many different situations, in some cases, attractiveness can produce negative outcomes in the workplace, which is known as the “beauty is beastly” effect (Heilman & Saruwatari, 1979). This study sought to explore this effect among men in hypothetical hiring decisions using two photos of men that varied in perceived attractiveness. Two-Way ANOVA results showed that the male attractive candidate was rated less favorably among male participant-raters while the average candidate received higher ratings from same-gender participants (F[1, 125] = 8.05, p = .005, η2 = .061). These findings highlight the possibility of male same-gender discrimination based on attractiveness, which is important given that many men will be evaluated by same-gender colleagues throughout their careers.

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A Critical Case Study of Teacher Education Student Created Memes

Sarah Swafford, Gary Padgett*, University of North Alabama

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/swafford.html

Abstract: From Facebook to Twitter, social media has introduced the world to memes. Memes are an innovative way to express an opinion or show true feelings without feeling pressured to answer in a certain way. The methodology related to using internet memes has been around for almost 20 years (Downes, S., 1999; Heylighen, F., 1996; Knobel, M., & Lankshear, C., 2007), but no one has yet combined it with the field of education research. Colleges of Education are already reaching out to students via Twitter and Instagram, so using memes to gather information from students is a logical next step. This article demonstrates how this has been done to improve teacher education programs.

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The Arts as Means of Socialization in Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home

Daniel Dyonisius, University of Toronto

Full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v15/dyonisius.html

Abstract: Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home suggests that socialization through the arts, such as writing and drawing, involves a constantly changing interpretation of reality that can contribute to a process of self-identification. The arts provide a foundation for Alison to make a connection to her family, yet also to detach from her parents’ influences at the same time. Emphasizing a social aspect of this process, her self-identification not only involves a reflection of her own life but also integrates her ability to navigate environments filled with the arts and others’ influences in shaping her personality. As an artist, Bechdel incorporates words and pictures to repair her relationship with her father and conveys a story of how she persistently constructs her identity. Nonetheless, her work as a whole reflects a broader significance for society: the creation of self-identity is not a linear process, but rather involves points of continuity and discontinuity that are shaped by the context in which one grows up. At the same time, such context is influenced by interactions between one’s self and agents of socialization mediated through important and specific means, such as the arts.

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Physiological Effects of Binaural Beats and Meditative Musical Stimulation

Elizabeth M. Hill and Christina M. Frederick, Sierra Nevada College

Full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v15/hill.html

Abstract: The current study examined physiological effects of meditation music and binaural beats on humans, solo and in combination. A binaural beat is the presence of two separate auditory tones with equal amplitude and slightly differing frequencies (Goodin et al., 2012). Meditation music is often used with binaural beats to calm individuals (Chan et al., 2008). There is reason to believe binaural beats and meditative music impact human vital signs (Wahbeh et al., 2012). Heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation were recorded from 60 participants, tested individually, and randomly assigned to one of three listening groups: Beat + Music, Music Only, or Beat Only. Participants experienced their assigned auditory stimulation through headphones for 6 min. Physiological responses were recorded before and during auditory stimulation. A one- way ANOVA showed a significant difference in mean heart rate between listening groups (p = .046). Due to sample size limitations, a subsequent Tukey test (Abdi & Williams, 2010) could not identify the location of the significant difference. The largest difference in averages (at 9.05 bpm) existed between Beat Only and Music Only groups, therefore, indicating this as the location of the significant difference. No significant difference was found between listening groups in blood pressure (systolic: p = .937; diastolic: p = .954) or oxygen saturation (p = .752). It is recommended future studies in this domain incorporate larger sample sizes to ensure statistical sensitivity.

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Small Scale Living and the Meaning of Home

Shelby Kiser, Kansas State University

Full paper: www.kon.org/urc/v15/kiser.html

Abstract: In current United States housing trends, prices and square footage are rising as personal satisfaction and fulfillment decline. This is a result of people assuming that upgrading their living standards will provide instant gratification, but it may only lead to unhappiness. As our houses grow larger, so do our debts. During the most recent economic down turn a renewed interest in small scale living arose. People began seeing the value in downsizing, reducing debt, and living more sustainably. Evaluating the functional, environmental, economic, and psychological aspects of living small will help determine what challenges one will face by reconsidering how and where they live. With a deeper understanding of the connections and value of home, designers are able create dwellings that can positively influence the users. The potential impact starts with designers, therefore it is crucial to be educated and actively implementing this knowledge into designs.

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Could our patients be better served? A health literacy assessment of rural community pharmacies

Brandi Jones, Truman State University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/jones.html

Abstract: Pharmacy staff and patient health literacy practices were assessed for pharmacies in a rural MO county with many residents at risk for low health literacy. Using AHRQ’s Pharmacy Health Literacy Assessment Tool, overall weaknesses of county pharmacies determined as a result of the Assessment Tour section of the Tool included lack of interpretation services and poor print font size and clarity of leaflets. When a focus group was also conducted as part of the Tool, participants identified several barriers to service including reliance on their doctors, not their pharmacists, for medication information. The pharmacies in this sample were not as effective as they could be in meeting the needs of those with lower health literacy levels, and it is suggested that with some intentional changes, these pharmacies can better serve their patients with low health literacy.

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Exploring Suicidal Ideation in College Students

Melanie Mann, Bonnie Ahn*, Lolita Boykin*, Southeastern Louisiana University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v15/mann.html

Abstract: The goal of this study is to provide insight into the challenges that college students with suicidal thoughts face as a marginalized group and to yield information that will expand the existing body of knowledge regarding this topic. The study was based on the collective experiences of three college students and the language constructed by them during in-depth interviews. Results suggest that these interviewees experienced pain and suffering over a prolonged period of time inspiring thoughts of suicide. All participants stated that they did not want to be thought of negatively or misunderstood, so they didn’t talk about it on campus or to their parents. It is crucial for the general college student population and mental health professionals to recognize and validate the struggles of these students, particularly during crisis. Advocacy in colleges and universities will take on special importance as more students with special needs, particularly those with mental health issues make the transition from secondary to postsecondary education. The experiences of these three participants are important and meaningful; however they may not necessarily be representative of the greater populations.

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Efficacy of a Group Treatment for Children with Significant Social Skills Deficits

Molly M. Parsons, Stacey S. Park, Lee A. Rosén*, Colorado State University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/parsons.html

Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of an eight session, outpatient social skills group therapy treatment for children with significant social skills deficits. The curriculum was designed to teach nine specific social skills including: Eye Contact, Personal Space, Self-Emotions, Other-Emotions, Pedantic Speech, Greetings, Conversations, Friendliness, and Play Skills. Seven elementary aged children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder participated. Parents were asked to fill out the Child Social Skills Inventory, which measures these nine social skills domains at two time points: the first day of social skills group (SSG) and the last day of SSG. Results indicate that the treatment was partially effective in improving social skills – pre to post changes in the domain of Self-Emotion were significant. In addition, the domains of Play Skills and Other-Emotion showed improvement near statistical significance. Improvement in these important social skill domains helps substantiate the efficacy of social skills group therapy treatment for children with severe social skill deficits.

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Personality Types and Physical Touch

Zachary Prather & Jenna Bates, Huntington University

Full manuscript: www.kon.org/urc/v14/prather.html

Abstract: The following research is a study looking at the correlation between Myers-Briggs personality types and apprehension or acceptance of physical touch. The participants of the study varied in age and gender, gathered from Facebook and Huntington University’s campus, a small Christian university in the Midwestern United States. We hypothesized that people with the E and F personality type would be the most willing to instigate and accept physical touch, with people with the I and T personality type having the most apprehension to instigating and accepting physical touch. We predicted that extroverts would be more inclined because they are typically more sociable and get their energy from people, while introverts would be less inclined because they are typically more reserved and people drain energy from them. We also hypothesized that people with the F personality type would be more inclined to accept and initiate physical touch because of their predisposition to sympathizing with other people’s emotions, while people with the T personality type are less likely to sympathize with other people’s emotions.

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